12 Other Ways to Say “According to”

Other Ways to Say According to

When it comes to communication in writing professional emails or even casual conversations the phrase “according to” is commonly used. It helps reference people’s ideas cite sources or introduce a viewpoint.

In this article, we will delve into alternatives to “according to” that you can utilize in situations to enhance the effectiveness and precision of your writing and speech. Let’s expand your repertoire of tools!

Alternatives to “According to

1. As stated by

Example: As stated by the author, the experiment yielded significant results.”

Meaning: This phrase is a respectful nod to the original source of the information or opinion. It indicates that you are not claiming the idea as your own but rather acknowledging the person who originally expressed it. It’s an acknowledgment of the source’s authority and credibility.

Usage: Ideal for formal writing where you’re citing another person’s work or statement.

2. As per

Example: As per the guidelines, all members must attend the meeting.”

Meaning: This phrase carries a weight of officiality and formality. It’s often used to refer to guidelines, rules, or established facts and implies adherence to these standards. It’s as if the subsequent information is under the umbrella of the authority mentioned.

Usage: Common in business and legal documents to refer to specific guidelines or authoritative sources.

3. In the opinion of

Example: In the opinion of the expert, this method is outdated.”

Meaning: This expression emphasizes the subjective nature of the information following it. It’s a reminder that what’s being presented is not an undeniable fact but rather a perspective or interpretation held by an individual or group.

Usage: Best used when emphasizing the subjective nature of the statement.

4. Based on

Example: Based on the data, we can conclude that the treatment was effective.”

Meaning: This phrase signifies a foundation of evidence or information. It implies that there is a solid base of facts, research, or findings that the subsequent statement is built upon. It’s commonly used when the speaker wants to underline the reliability of the source material.

Usage: Suitable for academic writing and professional reports where you’re building upon or analyzing existing information.

two people looking at reports

5. As reported by

Example:As reported by the news agency, the event was a huge success.”

Meaning: Often used when referring to information gathered from secondary sources, especially in journalism or research. It implies that the speaker is not the original observer but is relaying information obtained from a source deemed reliable.

Usage: Ideal for referencing reports, articles, or broadcasts.

6. In accordance with

Example: “The decisions were made in accordance with company policy.”

Meaning: This phrase suggests a harmonious agreement or compliance with certain rules, regulations, or wishes. It’s often used in contexts where precision and adherence to specific guidelines or expectations are paramount.

Usage: Common in legal, policy, and procedural documents.

7. Per the findings of

Example: Per the findings of the recent study, a healthy diet is directly linked to increased longevity.”

Meaning: This phrase underscores that the information presented is not mere speculation but is backed by researched and documented studies or experiments. It conveys a sense of scientific rigor and empirical support.

Usage: Commonly used in academic and research settings to refer to specific discoveries or conclusions.

8. As evidenced by

Example: As evidenced by the increase in sales, the new marketing strategy is effective.”

Meaning: It’s a way of pointing to tangible, often observable proof that reinforces the claim being made. This phrase lends credence to your statement by connecting it directly to demonstrable facts or occurrences.

Usage: Useful when you want to highlight evidence supporting your argument or viewpoint.

9. In line with

Example: In line with the committee’s recommendations, we will be changing our policy.”

Meaning: This expression suggests a harmonious alignment with established ideas, rules, or patterns. It’s often used to show that new findings or suggestions are not random but are supported by a pre-existing framework or consensus.

Usage: Ideal for demonstrating that one set of ideas or results aligns with another.

10. As delineated by

Example: As delineated by the contract, the tenant is responsible for all repairs.”

Meaning: It emphasizes the clarity and explicitness with which something has been described or laid out by a particular source. It suggests that the source has provided a detailed, clear framework or guideline that is being followed or referenced.

Usage: Best used in contexts where precision and detail are important.

11. Following the argument of

Example: Following the argument of the philosopher, one can conclude that ethics and morality are subjective.”

Meaning: This phrase indicates a logical continuation from someone else’s line of reasoning. It suggests that your point is not in isolation but is part of a larger, ongoing discourse or analysis set forth by another.

Usage: Suitable for academic discussions or debates where you’re building upon someone’s theory or argument.

12. As concurred by

Example: As concurred by all the experts, early intervention is key to successful treatment.”

Meaning: It emphasizes a collective agreement or shared conclusion among various parties. It’s particularly effective when you want to showcase widespread consensus or endorsement from multiple reputable sources.

Usage: Useful when you want to emphasize that multiple sources share the same viewpoint or findings.

12 Other Ways to Say According to Inforgraphic


The phrase “according to” is a preposition that has been a part of the English language since the 14th century. Its etymology traces back to Middle English, originating from the phrase “acordyng to,” which combines “acordyng” (meaning agreeing, from ‘accorden’ to accord) with “to.”

The phrase is used in various contexts, including conformity, as stated or attested by, and depending on.

It’s a versatile term widely used to attribute information or opinion to a specific source, often indicating agreement or compliance with a particular set of rules or standards​​. For more information, visit Merriam-Webster.


  1. What does ‘according to’ imply in a sentence?
    • It indicates that the information or viewpoint presented is based on or aligns with another source.
  2. Which alternatives to ‘according to’ are more formal?
    • “In accordance with” and “as delineated by” are considered more formal.
  3. Are there any phrases similar to ‘according to’ for informal use?
    • “In line with” or “based on” can be used more informally.
  4. Where in a sentence should ‘according to’ typically be placed?
    • It’s commonly placed at the beginning or in the middle, depending on the sentence structure.
  5. Does ‘according to’ require a comma when used in the middle of a sentence?
    • Yes, usually it’s followed by a comma when it introduces a phrase mid-sentence.

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